The description of the grieving as “macho” connects both the war and the nationalist and religious fervor it inspires to men (and note also that these men are forcing the girls in the school to mourn in this way). Marjane’s mother’s response, that she would rather lower her head and just survive, suggests her sense of helplessness—both in the sense that all of this has happened before, and in the sense that after having demonstrated to overthrow the Shah she sees that the results of action were not what she wanted. Execution or imprisonment are very real threats, though as a child Marjane sees them as glamorous badges of courage rather than awful. It is an abbreviated history of Iran from its first occupation by Indo-European nomads, to the establishment of the Persian Empire, to the 1979 Islamic revolution. Plot Summary Detailed Summary & Analysis The Veil The Bicycle The Water Cell Persepolis The Letter The Party The Heroes Moscow The Sheep The Trip The F-14s The Jewels The Key The Wine The Cigarette The Passport Kim Wilde The Shabbat The Dowry The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. At school, mourning the war dead becomes part of the daily routine; to do so, they listen to a song and pound their chests. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. As Mrs. Nasrine described, her son is not mature enough to understand the real consequences of the war—just as Marjane herself was once too young. It is an abbreviated history of Iran from its first occupation by Indo-European nomads, to the establishment of the Persian Empire, to the 1979 Islamic revolution. It's propaganda used by the government to recruit child soldiers. Marji decides to make fun of the routine of the students flagellating themselves to honor the dead. Asked by Rey M #529493 on 5/14/2016 5:22 PM Last updated by Aslan on 5/14/2016 6:22 PM Answers 1 This marks the beginning of years of political and religious turmoil in Iran. The opening chapter of Persepolis describes the implementation of the veil policy in Iran. The year is 1980. And yet her rules involve female empowerment and the elimination of suffering, which of course are the opposite of what the new government will impose. Grandma, at first, tried to avoid the question, but she finally gave in. Again, the religious and nationalist devotion on display in the novel is painted as childish; more childish than the children forced to do them. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Marjane’s private thoughts enter the public sphere, and quickly she gets into trouble, as will constantly be the case in the book. Their parents get called in to school, and end up pretty much yelling at the principal. Later, their maid (Ms. Nasrine, a different maid than Mehri) is upset because the school gave her son a. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Marjane, who was still curious about her grandpa, asked grandma questions about her life without him. (including. Afterwards, “we found ourselves veiled and separated from our friends,”. Persepolis Summary It's 1980 in Iran, and Marjane Satrapi isn't rocking out to Michael Jackson or watching Dallas; she's being forced to wear a veil at her school, which is now segregated. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. After the populist 1979 Islamic Revolution, during which the westernized monarch, called the Shah, is overthrown in favor of an Islamic Republic, the new government becomes increasingly religious and oppressive and makes it obligatory for women and girls to wear a veil that covers most of their faces. What might be the purpose of publishing Iran's "martyrs"? However, Marjane illustrates and wishes to implement a different version of religiosity, one that treats people with fairness and love, and which accepts women as equal to men. The poor get exploited and are given the keys that persuade them that dying for Iran will bring them everlasting afterlife glory, whereas the older boys are not given such lessons. Struggling with distance learning? There is one definite advantage of being a child: the consequences for disobedience in the public sphere, the school, are not as serious as arrest or execution. Marji and her friends start to rebel against the school by making fun of … From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. While Marjane and the rest of the girls are supposed to support the war through prayer and practical but faraway support, the teachers attempt to persuade Mrs. Nasrine’s son about the greatness of martyrdom and therefore to join the war effort and willingly die for his country. Persepolis opens right after the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which results in the downfall of the American-backed dictator known as the Shah of Iran and leads to the rise of the religious hardliners who establish the oppressive Islamic Republic. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. 13, The Key at school they have to mourn the dead by beating their breasts every day, the children dont take it seriously, they teachers punish them and call their parents in, but the parents yell at the teacher, talk about the key they gave their maid mrs. And yet what these girls see as ridiculous, the adults of their school are actually making them do! Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. She and her friends become quite the pranksters, even garlanding the room with toilet paper, which gets them suspended for a week. Guess you have to get your mind off of war somehow. Marjane slowly begins to explain the differences in both Iran at large and her personal world pre- and post-1979 Revolution. As a child who has known times of strife for most of his adult life, he cannot really imagine the type of life trajectory that Marjane’s mother tries to explain to him. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. By mixing up history, religion, and modernity, and reinventing all three towards her aims, she mirrors the regime in a way. The Veil Persepolis opens right after the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which results in the downfall of the American-backed dictator known as the Shah of Iran and leads to the rise of the religious hardliners who establish the oppressive Islamic Republic. (In fact, the Iran-Iraq war was characterized in part by Iran’s tactic of just throwing their young soldiers into the front lines where they would die by the hundreds of thousands). © 2020 Shmoop University Inc | All Rights Reserved | Privacy | Legal. In the morning newspapers, Marjane sees the pictures and names of “today’s martyrs.” Marjane is a bit surprised at her mother’s seeming indifference at the pictures; when Marjane mentions the photos, her mother changes the subject by asks Marjane to help her style her hair. The boys and girls are separated. Home Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood Q & A "The Key" Chapter 13 Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood "The Key" Chapter 13. Persepolis begins with a short introduction. Summary: The amount of war martyrs have increased and mourning the dead has become part of the daily routine at school. Meanwhile, Marji really gets into punk rock. Persepolis: This chapter starts off with Marjane coming home from school, figuring out that her grandma was home in their guest room.

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