[58] According to Pliny the Elder, that same year a meteorite fell in the town of Aegospotami, in Thrace. He likewise ordered, to move God by continual entreaty, that notice should be given by the bells to call the faithful at midday to aid by their prayers those engaged in battle with the Turk. The most famous of all comets was certainly seen by the English astronomer and mathematician Edmond Halley when it flew round the Sun in 1682, but he did not discover it. Platina's account is not mentioned in official records. In some places on certain days the doors were unopened for half a day, no water was carried and many did not even drink water as it was rumoured that pestilential vapour was being poured down upon the earth from the comet. Were the Egyptian pyramids built by slaves? [82], Halley's apparition of 1456 was also witnessed in Kashmir and depicted in great detail by Śrīvara, a Sanskrit poet and biographer to the Sultans of Kashmir. He described it as brown in colour and the size of a wagon load. [16] Together, these observations suggested that Halley was in fact predominantly composed of non-volatile materials, and thus more closely resembled a "snowy dirtball" than a "dirty snowball". [2][10][11], A short-period comet visible from Earth every 75–76 years, I am more and more confirmed that we have seen that Comett now three times, since ye Yeare 1531, Vilyev, Mikhail Anatolyevich; 1917; "Investigations on the Theory of Motion of Halley's Comet", cited by. [73] Some claim that Genghis Khan was inspired to turn his conquests toward Europe by the 1222 apparition. As the comet neared the Earth that year, the New York Times wrote that a French astronomer named Camille Flammarion had warned that poisonous cyanogen gas in its tail might “impregnate the atmosphere and snuff out all life on the planet.” Other scientists dismissed the claim as nonsense, but the prediction still sparked a minor panic. He described it as brown in colour and the size of a wagon load. [14], Halley's returns to the inner Solar System have been observed and recorded by astronomers since at least 240 BC. [96], The 1910 approach, which came into naked-eye view around 10 April[64] and came to perihelion on 20 April,[64] was notable for several reasons: it was the first approach of which photographs exist, and the first for which spectroscopic data were obtained. It was recorded by astronomers in China, Japan, Germany, the Byzantine Empire, and the Middle East;[10] Emperor Louis the Pious observed this appearance and devoted himself to prayer and penance, fearing that "by this token a change in the realm and the death of a prince are made known. They go on to describe the comet's tail as being more broad and not as long as the comet of 1843 they had also witnessed.

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