Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic) is a dioecious evergreen shrub or small tree of the Pistacio genus growing up to 4 m (13 ft) tall which is cultivated for its aromatic resin, mainly on the Greek island of Chios. Mastic gum is principally used either as a flavouring or for its gum properties, as in mastic chewing gum. Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. [6] Mastic resin is a key ingredient in dondurma and Turkish puddings, giving those confections their unusual texture and bright whiteness. A related species, P. saportae, has been shown by DNA analysis[12] to be a hybrid between maternal P. lentiscus and paternal P. terebinthus (terebinth or turpentine). Mastic Tree is dioecious, with separate male and female trees. Find the perfect mastic tree pistacia lentiscus stock photo. The mastic tree (P. lentiscus) and the turpentine tree, or terebinth (P. terebinthus), produce sweet-smelling gums used in medicine. Join now and start creating your dream garden! P. lentiscus is one of the most characteristic members of the Mediterranean macchie (maquis), and is found wherever this occurs, both within the Mediterreanean basin and in Portugal and Atlantic Morocco; also in the Canaries. Some of the ITS and . Family: Anacardiaceae (an-a-kard-ee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Pistacia (piss-TAY-shee-uh) Species: lentiscus : 7 members have or want this plant for trade. Unlike other species of Pistacia, it retains its leaves throughout the year. It is a very hardy pioneer species dispersed by birds. Evergreen. Prized for its edible nuts, Pistacia vera (Pistachio) is a small deciduous tree of spreading growth habit, adorned with a low canopy of compound, pinnate, gray-green leaves divided into 5 oval leaflets. "Pistacium" was the basis of Linnaeus' name Pistacia for the genus. ©Zeynel Cebeci/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0: Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree); bark, showing resin flowing. It is little used in modern herbalism though it could be employed as an expectorant for bronchial troubles and coughs and as a treatment for diarrhoea. Glowing in the last hours of the day, the small... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Another 1998 University of Nottingham study, claims that mastic can heal peptic ulcers by killing Helicobacter pylori, which causes peptic ulcers, gastritis, and duodenitis. The harvesting is done during the summer between June and September. Chia (of the Anacardiaceae family), is an evergreen shrub, 2-3 metres high that develops very slowly and becomes fully grown after 40-50 years, reaching up to the height of 5 metres at its mature age. The mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus), also known as the evergreen pistache, is a drought-tolerant member of the Ancardiacea family that can thrive in poor soil conditions. The lentiscus oil was perhaps appreciated for its distinct aromatic properties, far superior to those of lampy oil, but in any case it was a food intended for the meals of the poor, which was widely used in periods of Famine and on rare occasions harvested by olive trees and olive trees. When older, it develops some large trunks and numerous thicker and longer branches. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. When chewed, the resin becomes a white, opaque gum. The sap is the source of mastic, an aromatic resin used as a breath freshener and to flavor puddings and cakes. Some in vivo studies have shown that mastic gum has no effect on H. pylori when taken for short periods of time. Dufte-Zeichen ('Scents-signs'), the 4th scene from Sonntag aus Licht by Karlheinz Stockhausen, is centred around seven scents, each one associated with one day of the week. P. khinjuk . Herb: Mastic Tree Latin name: Pistacia lentiscus Family: Pistaciaceae Medicinal use of Mastic Tree: Mastic was at one time greatly used in herbal medicine, the resin obtained from the tree (see below for more details) being used. Unfortunately for those with small gardens, this attractive tree has a spread even greater than its height. Jordanian chewing gum manufacturer, Sharawi Bros. use the mastic of this shrub as a primary ingredient in their mastic-flavoured products and they distribute the gum to many deli stores worldwide. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. The leaves are alternate, leathery, and compound paripinnate (no terminal leaflet) with five or six pairs[2] of deep-green leaflets. It is also found in woodlands, dehesas (almost deforested pasture areas), Kermes oak woods, wooded areas dominated by other oaks, garrigues, maquis shrublands, hills, gorges, canyons, and rocky hillsides of the entire Mediterranean area. Marija Chi 636 views. Low-maintenance and requires little pruning. in all molecular data sets. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. A shrub or small tree with dark green, pinnate foliage and attractive red fruits, widespread throughout the Mediterranean, where it is commonly encountered in various types of scrub and woodlands. Accept Iran Pistacia atlantica tree درخت بنه ايران - Duration: 1:45. No need to register, buy now! 0:29 . Pistachio is dioecious, with separate male and female trees. The hybrid has imparipinnate leaves, with leaflets semipersistent, subsessile terminal, and sometimes reduced. 13 years ago. Some scholars[8] identify the bakha בכא mentioned in the Bible—as in the Valley of Baca (Hebrew: עמק הבכא‎) of Psalm 84—with the mastic plant. [7] The flavour can be described as a strong, slightly smoky, resiny aroma and can be an acquired taste. The mastic tree has been introduced into Mexico as an ornamental plant, where it is very prized and fully naturalized. Furthermore, mastic is also essential to myron, the holy oil used for chrismation by the Orthodox Churches.[6]. Blooming in spring, male and female flowers are very small, green and inconspicuous. The aromatic, ivory-coloured resin, also known as mastic, is harvested as a spice from the cultivated mastic trees grown in the south of the Greek island of Chios in the Aegean Sea, where it is also known by the name "Chios tears". Lentiske, Mastix-Pistazie, Pistakistrauch, Restringe), vgl. Pistacia x saportae Burnat (Hybrid- Pistazie) IV - V, Ruderalstellen, felsige Macchien, Wälder, Kalkfelsen (0 - 1100 m) Doberdosee, Italien (15.08.2013) Bastard Pistacia terebinthus L. x Pistacia lentiscus L. Synonyme: Pistacia x terebinthoides H. lev. Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic Tree) is an attractive large evergreen shrub or small tree with aromatic, small, leathery, olive green leaves, 4 in. Pistacia chia, P. mutica, P. terebinthus, Terebinthus vulgaris); Mastix-Strauch (syn. "Mastix" is assigned to Wednesday and comes third. Some centuries later, Markellos Empeirikos and Pavlos Eginitis[4] also noticed the effect of mastic on the digestive system. To use the website as intended please  It is also used in the manufacture of plasters. 2008. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen in October. Τhe mastic tree or lentisk – scientific name: Pistacia Lentiscus var. It is also native to the Canary Islands. In Griechenland bekannt als Tränen von Chios. The female flowers are followed by inedible bright red berries in fall that turn black when ripe. The Chinese pistachio (P. chinensis) is a tall ornamental tree with scarlet fruits and colourful autumn foliage. As a spice, it continues to be used in Greece to flavour spirits and liqueurs (such as Chios's native drink Mastiha), chewing gum, and a number of cakes, pastries, spoon sweets, and desserts. The word bakha appears to be derived from the Hebrew word for crying or weeping, and is thought to refer to the "tears" of resin secreted by the mastic plant, along with a sad weeping noise which occurs when the plant is walked on and branches are broken. Native to the Mediterranean regions such as Spain, France, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, and Africa. It is a typical species of Mediterranean mixed communities which include myrtle, Kermes oak, Mediterranean dwarf palm, buckthorn and sarsaparilla, and serves as protection and food for birds and other fauna in this ecosystem. formed a clade with . The two accessions of . Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree), from the Mediterranean region, produces mastic, a varnish used for coating metals and oil and watercolour pictures. emarginata. Originally liquid, it is hardened, when the weather turns cold, into drops or patties of hard, brittle, translucent resin. Within the European Union, mastic production in Chios is granted protected designation of origin and protected geographical indication names. Rich of a sweet-flavored, resinous aroma, Pistacia lentiscus is a great evergreen shrub or small tree that is useful as a dense hedge, windbreak, screen, or patio tree in hot, dry locations. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution in PISTACIA ( Anacardiaceae). Species of flowering plants in the sumac family Anacardiaceae, "The Magic Tree — Marvelous Masticha", Epikouria Magazine, Fall/Winter 2005. Pistacia lentiscus (also lentisk; mastic; Greek: μαστίχα mastíkha) is a dioecious evergreen shrub or small tree of the genus Pistacia, growing up to 4 m (13 ft) tall which is cultivated for its aromatic resin, mainly on the Greek island of Chios.[1]. Pistacia lentiscus L. is an evergreen shrub or tree of the Anacardiaceae family that is ubiquitous in Mediterranean areas under 1,100 m above sea level. The Evergreen Pistachio or Pistacia lentiscus is fast becoming a great bonsai species in Europe and in the UK too. NIA-i. Mastic tree information describes the tree as a small evergreen in the Sumac family with a scientific name Pistacia lentiscus. P. vera . [6], In recent years, university researchers have provided the scientific evidence for the medicinal properties of mastic. Sometimes trained on one trunk but often grown as a shrub, this plant reaches a maximum height of only 25 feet, with an equally wide profile. Foliage: Grown for foliage. A 1998 study by the University of Athens found that mastic oil has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Note this is the default cart. The first-century Greek physician and botanist, Dioscorides, wrote about the medicinal properties of mastic in his classic treatise De Materia Medica ("About Medical Substances"). March 2016. In appropriate areas, when allowed to grow freely and age, it often becomes a tree of up to 7 m. However, logging, grazing, and fires often prevent its development. The trees are grown mainly in suburban areas in semiarid zones, and remain undamaged, although the regime of summer rainfall is contrary to its original Mediterranean climate. Pistacia Lentiscus from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: aromatic tree with leathery dark green leaflets and red fruits. Mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus). Pistacia chinensis (Chinese pistache), the most frost-tolerant species in the genus, is grown as an ornamental tree, valued for its bright red autumn leaf colour. Pistacia lentiscus L. (syn. Sometimes it is even used in making cheese. It grows to heights of fifteen to twenty-five feet with an equal or greater spread. 3.3). Recently, a mastic-flavoured fizzy drink has also been launched, called "Mast". [6] The island's mastic production is controlled by a co-operative of "medieval" villages, collectively known as the 'mastichochoria' (Μαστιχοχώρια). Pistacia lentiscus is native throughout the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and the Iberian peninsula in the west through southern France and Turkey to Iraq and Iran in the east. Evergreen - pinnate leaves, 10cm (4in) long, with winged stalks and midribs each have 2-7 pairs of narrowly lance-shaped leafletsHeight - 1-3m (3-10ft) Mastic Tree – Pistacia lentiscus Also known as Evergreen Pistache, this drought and heat tolerant plant features bright green, glossy leaves on smooth reddish branches. P. lentiscus . The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Mastic Tree Pistacia lentiscus. It presents very small flowers, the male with five stamens, the female trifid style. ©Zeynel Cebeci/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0: Pistacia lentiscus from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - information aromatic... And inconspicuous their hedge quality is only one of the many things that make this,! 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