%PDF-1.3 The evidence for this story is unreliable and may have been motivated by anti-semitism. Over half a millennium ago, a misunderstanding about how blood circulation works nearly made the pope into nosferatu. To the Editor: —Under this title Dr. J. L. Joughin (The Journal, Feb. 14, 1914, p. 554) quotes from Villari's "Life of Savonarola" a passage purporting to give an "accurate record" of the first transfusion. Medical history is full of horror stories, but few could give rise to a horror movie.

blood, rather than to its infusion, it is in fact difficult to determine when the first authentic attempt at transfusion was actually performed. This slide shows Pope Innocent VIII … A recipient of this tonic was Pope Innocent VIII who in 1492 was given a draught of blood from three youths for strength and rejuvenation." He abandoned the conduct of affairs entirely to della Rovere, and settled down to enjoy life in his own slothful way. Some say that it came from consenting donors. ��i�&�A�^�@q�ai� �5d�B�����,̆� ܕ�a6u�#�P `���$"!�@\� 0Kq(���`��$�Q��B4��X�DDDc�����������ɠ`�H���%�FE!��8s�0bZ���P�3w�A�"I ��t�����ӆM:Æ��Zp��a�F�?Y�. Transfusion Medicine Reviews Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 1991, Pages 228-235 History of the First Blood Transfusion but a Fable Agreed Upon: The Transfusion of Blood to a Pope There's no way to verify any of the rumors. According to some sources, the first blood transfusion took place in 1492, when Pope Innocent VIII was given the blood of three ten-year-old boys. %���� stream By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Not quite relevant, but had to share the mental image. << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /BaseFont /Courier /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> Frenchman Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, the physician to King Louis XIV, administered on June 15, 1667 the first ever documented blood transfusion … As might have been expected from such an irresponsible nature, he repudiated all his promises and left his signatures unhonoured, slyly revelling in his immunity. Born into a prominent Genoese family, he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467, before being elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV.He was elected Pope in 1484, as a compromise candidate, after a stormy … Pope Innocent VIII did not live up to his name. Reputedly, the first person to try out this experimental procedure was none other than the pope. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. �p�� ΦG�Ӵ״�v�� � �����C���W|7������Q��/����'��������oۻKo� �I�1?��#��u��A!�ju����� A��!��!�������6�^������������������o����~�釺_��A�{������o֮������������������_��{mZ����_���J������||?��?��������U-���׮����?��l/�K��צ���������=~��� _��������/�]'������ۭ���[���ۯT��݌�����_�o��{k�����:o����ֽw��om&������w��'��������{�O��[�]?�����v��^�k��u����V�WK���M�~����j��_����u��j�Z_��k~�o_����;��� � {�]�V�[�����a��¶Ұ�m�{v����_�_��[�����:V�����J�6M��k�%�����]����4���v��l%i' D3���k���� �zV7 �V������8ki&�H0��J ���Q� p�p�" � �$4�p�X4� ���@�4�R�0�����b��A��`����A�Io� It's enough to know that, when it doubt, even the educated and pious went to straight vampirism. The following passage from A. H. Mathew's "Life and … �4�a�0���A�j5T�4��ީ�Ќ��$$8� While there were some remedies that did treat the illnesses they were prescribed for, plenty of people were given things like urine and mercury to counteract malaria.

They were bled, they were kept in dark rooms, and they were given purgatives that dehydrated them to death.

In the late 1400s, medicine and manslaughter were pretty much indistinguishable from each other.

Copyright © 1991 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Everything you need to know about and expect during, the most important election of our lifetimes. Tough to say which. Then again, few people are so bad that they deserve fifteenth century medicine. The history of blood transfusion properly begins in the 15th century. The rumors vary.

When Innocent VIII lay dying, his doctors decided that they would try a blood transfusion. the literature the statement that Pope Innocent VIII was given a blood transfusion, and that the lives of three youths were sacrificed as donors to save the life of Pope Innocent VIII. When Innocent VIII lay dying, his doctors decided that they would try a blood transfusion.

A few hours later he became Pope Innocent VIII. I amconvinced that he did not receive a transfusion. Before his death, Innocent had to gulp down strange blood in an attempt to save his life or turn him into a vampire. The most plausible explanation is that he drank the blood, whichwasnot anuncommonformoftreatment in those days. h&�B �&� �0�M���� 7�L0�L�A� �bC-3�!���ρa�L�X$���$w0�6N�x�تM�~���lRa�I�Rh%a*j�k�+ �0����]�uMB��ӵM�aOPA���J$�C Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. People knew that blood was necessary to stay alive, but they were far from understanding the workings of the circulatory system. Bleary eyes initially mis-read headline as "The time doctors tried to make the pope into a vampire".

He played politics, had illegitimate children, and sold high offices in the church. Others say that people were murdered to obtain enough blood. Which seemed like a spoiler for the Doctor Who 50th anniversary episode and really not the sort of thing the Doctor would be likely to do (really, it seems more up The Master's alley), except maybe that's why all the other Doctors disavow the John Hurt Doctor, because they decided making the Pope a vampire would be kind of a bad idea but he sort of stuck with it for some reason. One of the most frequently quoted candidates for this noteworthy honour is Pope Innocent VIII, Giovanni Cibo, who was reputedly ‘transfused’ some time between 1490 and 1492. This one can.

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Villari, some �B�hk �JC4"�A���m�^�;T�Aô�i���]S��õ���t���>a�ۅd�N� �.vB�.�P=t� ��}6��A|i�(��+;m�!��8 �R!�aJ�dPO�0A�iL�m4�ڰi4Ay��6P|��� ��D������6/0A�M%P� �Ȅd5{ ��iJ����0d�8@���9d� B�Ș� �S�"$"O��wH7N�/�Eރ�'I����N�b�J�D0B���h&Ð��ۯw�}&�Z � �8p�I:!C�DA"pw�A� v�m �h ��Mn������;��=4������oI7�~�i7���n��ߪ����������SH ��'� �i7���﷥���7}����u�o��I���6��?~��������p��wA%^�����;���}&�_�}$���{��W�_�~�~֕����������O��W��k/��Hw���Q�m�Io���oz���~��C{Z�}~ƴ���}�W�m�~�c����`�}�k[�¥x��O����;K�x0Q�����U����H}������/��֛��)��j������~��n�P�������A�����}��ﷄ�������/��%���`���A�����~�]���{���}��z����5m$����^��������l7�.�\%��}k����ս�����������^���`�0����_L;�V�K� �t�}� ��ۆ`1�ׇ��?�H����J��0>?���_a�8�����?��o�!6�����؅w�o��k����?����=�a�0�v�������z�W¾�7�����Z��������v�>|0���� 2 0 obj 3 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 3632 /Height 5680 /BitsPerComponent 1 /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /Filter [/CCITTFaxDecode] /DecodeParms [<< /Columns 3632 /Rows 5680 /K -1 >>] /Length 85339 >> Before his death, Innocent had to gulp down strange blood in an attempt to … Many medicines revolved around the vital fluids in the body, which were known to be important, even if no one knew exactly why or how to administer them.

Doctors came to believe that they could blood into the veins via the same route that food took to get into the body. endobj �a ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. History of the First Blood Transfusion but a Fable Agreed Upon: The Transfusion of Blood to a Pope. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0887-7963(91)70211-3. Innocent would probably have been content with either, but the treatment didn't work, and he soon died. In the Evolution of Blood Transfusion, Ficarra6 wrote this descriptive passage. ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8`C��0���S!L� 3!غ!��8g#A���7*L �r��4�إq@��4D�����8��a����d#6(A� �&�M: I �. He was a despicable creature; ungrateful, avaricious … G. A. LINDEBOOM; The Story of a Blood Transfusion to a Pope, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Volume IX, Issue 4, 1 October 1954, Pages It had to have been unpleasant for Innocent, but it was probably even more unpleasant for whoever "donated" the blood. One rumor even states that Innocent drank the blood of young Jewish boys.

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