Blasting was being done in the area believed to be the source of the explosion, after initial attempts to widen a gallery had been abandoned the previous day for lack of success. ( Log Out /  the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. An elevator cage at Shaft 3 was thrown to the surface, damaging the pit-head; windows and roofs were blown out on the surface at Shaft 4; an elevator cage raised at Shaft 2 contained only dead or unconscious miners. There were many accusations that the Compagnie des mines de Courrières was deliberately delaying the reopening of blocked shafts to prevent coalface fires (and hence to save the coal seams): more recent studies tend to consider such claims as exaggerated. ( Log Out /  Access to society journal content varies across our titles. Pinewood to end involvement with Cardiff film studio. Victims lived nearby in the villages of Méricourt (404 people killed), Sallaumines (304 killed), Billy-Montigny (114 people killed), and Noyelles-sous-Lens (102 people killed). On March 6, 2006, La Poste of France issued a single stamp marking the centennial of the disaster at Courrières. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst mining accident, caused the death of 1,099 miners (including many children) in Northern France on 10 March 1906. https://doi.org/10.1177/002200947801300103. As Monsieur Delafond, General Inspector of Mines, put it in his report: The primary cause of the Courrières catastrophe could not be determined with absolute certainty. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. Ignition of methane by the naked flame of a miner’s lamp. It seems that this disaster was surpassed only by the Benxihu Colliery accident in China on April 26, 1942, which killed 1,549 miners. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. The first funerals occurred on March 13, during an unseasonal snowstorm; 15,000 people attended. This at a time when the daily wage for a miner (a well-paid job compared to other manual work) was less than six francs. The funerals were a focus for the anger of the mining communities against the companies which owned the concessions, and the first strikes started the next day in the Courrières area, extending quickly to other areas in the départements of the Pas-de-Calais and the Nord. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. This is what generally happens in catastrophes where all the witnesses to the accident are gone. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? MENU. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below. Such appeals became widespread, and were supplemented by the sale of special collections of postcards depicting the disaster. A coaldust explosion, the cause of which is not known with certainty, devastated a coal mine operated by the Compagnie des mines de houille de Courrières. An elevator cage at Shaft 3 was thrown to the surface, damaging pit-head workings; windows and roofs were blown out on the surface at Shaft 4; an elevator cage raised at Shaft 2 contained only dead and unconscious miners.Wiki. Such complexity was supposed to help the access of rescuers in the case of an accident — it undoubtedly also helped the coal to be brought to the surface — but in fact contributed to the large loss of life by allowing the dust explosion to travel further and then by increasing the debris which had to be cleared by the rescuers. The mine, owned by the Courrières mining company, was located near the Pas-de-Calais hills in Search Browse; Resources. If you have any documents you can share please click the 'Upload a Document' tab. Sorry, there are no documents currently available. And would political action be something else than the sad game of ambitions and vanities if it didn’t propose to itself the liberation of the workers’ people, the organisation of a better life for those who work? Gérard Dumont of the Centre historique minier de Lewarde has shown that the plans of the mine existing at the time of the accident were difficult to interpret: some of them measured the depth of galleries by reference to the minehead, others by reference to sea level. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Lean Library can solve it. The coal mining catastrophe occurred on 10 March 1906 due to a massive explosion sparked by an underground fire in one of the pits of the Courrieres Colliery. By continuing to browse ( Log Out /  This disaster was surpassed only by the Benxihu Colliery accident in China on April 26, 1942, which killed 1,549 miners. On March 18, a strike was publicized and quickly extended itself to all of the region. Login failed. Jukong Boat of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Bon Om Touk: The Cambodian Water Festival, My Philatelic Pursuits #2019-09 – Philatelic Pursuits. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Minister of Interior Georges Clemenceau went to visit the region twice, but “no promises were kept”, according to L’Humanité. A postcard of the thirteen rescapés was available nine days after their discovery. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst mining accident, caused the death of 1,099 miners in northern France on March 10, 1906. If you have an individual subscription to this content, or if you have purchased this content through Pay Per Article within the past 24 hours, you can gain access by logging in with your username and password here: This site uses cookies. It is the harsh and suffering destiny of work that, once more, manifests itself to all. Skip to main content. Courrières mining disaster, underground explosion and fire that took place in a French mine on March 10, 1906. [1] A dust explosion, the cause of which is not known with certainty, devastated a coal mine operated by the Compagnie des mines de houille de Courrières (founded in 1852) between the villages of Méricourt (404 killed), Sallaumines (304 killed), Billy-Montigny (114 killed), and Noyelles-sous-Lens (102 killed) about two kilometres (one mile) to the east of Lens, in the Pas-de-Calais département (about 220 km, or 140 miles, north of Paris). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. The two eldest (39 and 40 years old) were awarded the Légion d’honneur, the other eleven (including three younger than 18 years of age) received the Médaille d’or du courage. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The mine was unusually complex for its time, with the different pitheads being interconnected by underground galleries on many levels. A group of thirteen survivors, known later as the rescapés, was found by rescuers on March 30, twenty days after the explosion. Half of the miners were able to escape, but there were no machines in the country capable of drilling large enough holes for a rescue operation. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. ( Log Out /  A coaldust explosion, the cause of which is not known with certainty, devastated a coal mine operated by the Compagnie des mines de houille de Courrières. Small-scale technologies and European coal mine safety, 1850-1900. Following the explosion, the fire was identified around 270m underground in the Cecil pit. …
History at your fingertips A large explosion was heard shortly after 06:30 on the morning of Saturday 10 March 1906. Tip: do not include 'mine' or 'quarry', search by name e.g. Courrieres Coal Mine, Courrieres, France, March 1906 (1,099 deaths) ... A gas and coal dust explosion was the culprit behind this disaster at the infamous Benxihu colliery, in Liaoning, China. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article, Click the button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content. An accident during the handling of mining explosives. [2]A large explosion was heard shortly after 06:30 on the morning of Saturday 10 March 1906. To view the location details and the Google Map please sign in or register an account. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. It is generally agreed that the majority of the deaths and destruction were caused by an explosion of coal dust which swept through the mine. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst mining accident, caused the death of 1,099 miners (including many children) in Northern France on 10 March 1906. The first public appeal for funds to help the victims and their families was established the day after the explosion by Le Réveil du Nord, a Lille daily newspaper. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. This disaster was surpassed only by the Benxihu Colliery accident in China on April 26, 1942, which killed 1,549 miners. Courrieres coal mine disaster. The underground gas explosion took place on the 26th of April, 1942. The slow progress of the rescue exacerbated the tensions between the mining communities and the companies. Change ). About six hundred miners were able to reach the surface during the hours immediately after the explosion. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. They exist both with and without a phosphor strip (2 left and right). However it has never been ascertained what caused the initial ignition of the coal dust. 'cwmorthin', use 'Sounds like search' if unsure of spelling, Tip: narrow down your search by typing more than one word and selecting 'Search for all words' or 'Exact search', AditNow... the site for mine explorers and mining historians, Mine explorer and mining history videos on YouTube, Connect with other mine explorers on Facebook. Learn how your comment data is processed. The biggest disaster in mining hub South Africa killed 435 workers when a massive part of the Clydesdale Colliery operations collapsed. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Sharing links are not available for this article. Two main causes have been hypothesized: There is evidence favoring both these hypotheses. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. On 10 March 1906, the Courrieres mine disaster ultimately led to death of 1,099 people in France. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. By April 1, only 194 bodies had been brought to the surface. View or download all the content the society has access to. About 70 miles (110 km) of tunnel are believed to have been affected by the explosion. The different appeals were eventually subsumed by an official fund — itself established by a law enacted only four days after the explosion — and a total of 750,000 francs was raised. The Courrières mine disaster, Europe’s worst mining accident, caused the death of 1,099 miners in northern France on March 10, 1906.
All the regions' coalmines were closed by 1970. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Around 1,549 miners died, mostly due to suffocation resulting from breathing in carbon monoxide. In the newspaper L’Humanité of the next day, socialist and pacifist politician Jean Jaurès wrote: It is a call for social justice that comes to the nation’s representants from the depths of the burning mines.

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