In one of the most decisive naval battles in history, a British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar, fought off the coast of Spain. Les deux flottes s'affrontent au nord du cap lors de la bataille « des quinze-vingt » ou bataille du cap Finisterre, le 22. Date of the Battle of Trafalgar: 21 st October 1805.

This was to compensate them for the prize money they lost when their captured vessels sank in the storm. Nelson gambled that the relatively inexperienced enemy gunners would give him a crucial advantage – and so it proved. In 1805 Britain was at war with France and had imposed a naval blockade.

Another iconic moment was when Vice-Admiral Collingwood was seen calmly eating an apple as his ship came under heavy fire. Ses canonnades ravagent le pont, anéantissant les compagnies d'abordage et réduisant à néant les efforts de l'équipage pour s'emparer du HMS Victory, tandis qu'arrive le reste de la colonne de Nelson. Updates? Now was the time for ‘the Nelson Touch’ to come into play. Discover more about the build-up to the battle. Le Redoutable, commandé par le capitaine Lucas est l'un des rares vaisseaux de la flotte franco-espagnole d'une bonne valeur combattante. Nelson, hailed as the savior of his nation, was given a magnificent funeral in St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. Il a étudié de longue date comment Nelson a procédé antérieurement : percement ou encerclement de la ligne ennemie pour ensuite concentrer plusieurs vaisseaux contre un seul, le liquider et passer ensuite au suivant. Another 3000 died in a storm while trying to sail to safety. Nelson had lost his right arm and the sight in his right eye in naval battles and was keen to face the French and Spanish fleets, even attempting to lure them out of the harbour. Britain’s decisive victory was overshadowed by news of the death of Nelson, who was shot onboard Victory at 1.15pm and died at 4.30pm. In one of the most decisive naval battles in history, a British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar, fought off the coast of Spain. Si, dès avant la bataille, le risque d'une invasion était déjà levé, il disparut totalement à sa suite, la marine française n'osant jamais plus affronter les escadres britanniques en mer. Place of the Battle of Trafalgar: At Cape Trafalgar off the South-Western coast of Spain, south of Cadiz. Although Lord Nelson was killed in the battle, he was largely credited for thwarting Napoleon’s plans to concentrate a fleet in the Channel for the invasion of Britain. The lead musket ball that killed Nelson, still attached to gold lace from his uniform, is displayed today at Windsor Castle. Villeneuve ordered his fleet to form a single line heading north, and Nelson ordered his fleet to form two squadrons and attack Villeneuve’s line from the west, at right angles. A column was erected to his memory in the newly named Trafalgar Square, and numerous streets were renamed in his honor.

Il devine la colère de l'Empereur suscitée par son échec et son immobilisme, et sait qu'il devra rendre des comptes.

Lucas ordonne de préparer l'abordage et fait monter ses compagnies d'assaut sur le pont. The triumph was further eclipsed by a fierce storm that raged after the battle, forcing the British to abandon most of their captured enemy ships. More than 50,000 of the protesters marched to the Pentagon to ask for an end to the conflict. Public rejoicing for the victory was muted by widespread sorrow for the death of Nelson. C'est donc vers une flotte approximativement formée sur une longue et unique ligne que foncent, poussées par le vent arrière, les escadres de Collingwood et de Nelson.

Cependant, il est difficile d'escalader les bords du navire britannique à cause de sa taille plus importante et du mouvement des bateaux. De son côté, l'amiral Collingwood qui avait hérité du commandement de la flotte à la mort de Nelson, décide de couler ou incendier quatre prises, de crainte de nouvelles attaques, et face au mauvais temps persistant : la Santísima Trinidad, l’Argonauta, le San Augustino et l’Intrépide. Combatants at the Battle of Trafalgar: The British Royal Navy against the Fleets of France and Spain. Ultime épisode. This battle was fought off the western mouth of the Straits of Gibraltar between a Franco-Spanish fleet of thirty-three ships of the line commanded by Vice Admiral Pierre-Charles de Villeneuve and Admiral Don Federico Gravina, and a British squadron of twenty-seven ships under Vice Admiral Horatio,Lord Nelson. In 1805 Britain was at war with France and had imposed a naval blockade. No British ships were lost, but 1,500 British seamen were killed or wounded in the heavy fighting. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC.

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. This was a dangerous tactic, exposing the leading ships to the risk of heavy damage, but Nelson correctly counted on superior British training and discipline, and on the initiative of captains whom he had thoroughly imbued with his ideas. Hardy, it is reported, kissed Nelson twice, on the cheek and forehead. Cependant, celle-ci, enfermée dans la rade de Toulon, est surveillée par la Mediterranean Fleet du très redouté vice admiral Nelson.


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