Barents Sea

"[76], Economically significant stocks of fish have returned, and observers who had written off the North Aral Sea as an environmental disaster were surprised by unexpected reports that, in 2006, its returning waters were already partly reviving the fishing industry and producing catches for export as far as Ukraine. Baltic Sea The eastern lake is so salty only brine shrimp live there. Fishing boats lie scattered on the dry dusty land that was once covered by water; many have been there for 20 years. Slowly, thanks to a new dam separating the sea into two, it has been creeping back in the northern Kazakh section. Liver, kidney, and eye problems can also be attributed to the toxic dust storms. Since the Pliocene Epoch (more than 2 million years), the Aral depression has been repeatedly flooded and desiccated (dried up). Yellow Sea As the water supply of the Aral Sea decreased, the demand for cotton increased and the government reacted by pouring more pesticides and fertilizer onto the land. It was once part of the western frontier of the Chinese Empire during the Tang dynasty. This has resulted in hotter summers and cooler winters (an estimated 2˚C-6˚C change in either direction) and the emergence of dust storms over the area. These populations were most likely to reside downstream from the Basin and in former coastal communities. cholera, typhus, gastritis, blood cancer), Increase of respiratory system diseases (asthma, bronchitis). Due to the ongoing shrinkage of the Aral, it became first a peninsula in mid-2001 and finally part of the mainland. The main shortcomings of phase two were due to its lack of integration with the local communities involved. In an ongoing effort in Kazakhstan to save and replenish the North Aral Sea, the Dike Kokaral dam project was completed in 2005; in 2008, the water level in this lake had risen by 12 m (39 ft) compared to 2003. [84] Other islands like Kokaral and Barsa-Kelmes shared a similar fate.

Journal reference: Gondwana Research,, Magazine issue Aral Sea before and after photos pictures gallery check out here. As a result, the easter section lost about 80 percent of the waters. Central Asia’s vast Aral Sea dramatically retreated from 2006 to 2009.

“The fish processing plant in Aralsk once employed more than 3,000 people,” says Duisenbayev. It has split into three salty lakes less than 29 metres above sea level. As a result of the strong NE winds in this area, the salt is picked up and transported by aeolic processes and through deflation lands on the irrigated fields in the south. The Aral Sea The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to over 1,100 islands that had dotted its waters; in the Mongolic languages and Turkic language aral means "island, archipelago". [60] Considered to have the worst health in this region, their plight was not helped when their fishery livelihoods vanished with the decreasing levels of water and loss of many aquatic species. Commanded by Lt. Alexey Butakov (Алексей Бутаков), the Constantine completed the survey of the entire Aral Sea over the next two years. In 1997, a new plan was conceived which would continue with the previous restoration efforts of the Aral Sea. Aral Sea - Aral Sea - Environmental consequences: The rapid shrinkage of the Aral Sea led to numerous environmental problems in the region. In the process its surface level dropped by about 16 metres. [57], There is a lack of medication and equipment in many medical facilities, so health professionals do not have access to the necessary supplies to do their jobs in the Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan regions. The Aral Sea should be getting fuller, but it isn't. [14] All introduced species aside from the carp, snakehead, and (possibly) pipefish survived the lake's shrinkage and salinity increase, and during this time period the European flounder (Platichthys flesus) was also introduced to the lake to revive fisheries. Redirecting what little flow there is from the Amu Darya to the western basin may salvage fisheries there while relieving the flooding of the eastern basin.[81]. [54], Exposures to toxic chemicals from the dry seabed and polluted water have caused other health issues in women and children. This programme has had some success with joint summits of the countries involved and finding funding from the World Bank to implement projects; however, it faces many challenges, such as enforcement and slowing progress.[83]. [citation needed]. [clarification needed] Crop rotation was not used, and the depleted soil and monoculture required massive quantities of pesticides and fertilizer. The irrigated area extends over approximately 28000 sq km, and is mainly used for the cash crops cotton and rice. Unfortunately, saxaul wood did not turn out a very suitable fuel, and in the later years, the Aral Flotilla was provisioned, at substantial cost, by coal from the Donbass. Sea Wallpapers, Other Sea Information Many different solutions to the problems have been suggested over the years, varying in feasibility and cost, including: In January 1994, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan signed a deal to pledge 1% of their budgets to help the sea recover. There is no work under way to restore the southern region. During cooling/glacial periods, the Aral Sea decreased in size because water was tied up in glaciers. Lublin: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Lublinie, pp.

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